SPARROW

SPARROW
SPARROW (Heb. צִפּוֹר דְּרוֹר, ẓippor deror or דְּרוֹר, deror, but sometimes the word ẓippor "bird" refers to the sparrow), the Passer domesticus biblicus, the house sparrow, which is the most common bird in Israel during all seasons of the years. It "dwells in the house as in the field" and its name ẓippor deror ("free bird") is explained by the fact that "it does not submit to authority" (Beẓah 24a); and, despite the fact that it lives in populated areas, it cannot be domesticated. It nests in the interstices of rooftops and stone walls. It is referred to as nesting between the stones of the Temple (Ps. 84:4), and to this day some make their nests between the stones of the western wall . It possesses the characteristics of a kasher bird (see dietary laws ) and there are Jewish communities which permit it for food. "Two ẓipporim" were used for the purification ceremony of the leper (Lev. 14:4) and for the house cleansed from leprosy (ibid., 14:49); according to the Mishnah (Neg. 14:1) ẓipporei deror, i.e., house sparrows, are meant. Some would identify the deror with the swallow, but the descriptions of the deror in rabbinical literature leave no doubt that it refers to the sparrow. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Lewysohn, Zool, 187 (no. 237), 206–9 (nos. 256 and 257); F.S. Bodenheimer, Animal and Man in Bible Lands (1960), 56, 119, 120 (no. 20); J. Feliks, Animal World of the Bible (1962), 61. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: J. Feliks, Ha-Ẓome'aḥ, 222. (Jehuda Feliks)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Sparrow — Spar row, n. [OE. sparwe, AS. spearwa; akin to OHG. sparo, G. sperling, Icel. sp[ o]rr, Dan. spurv, spurre, Sw. sparf, Goth. sparwa; originally, probably, the quiverer or flutterer, and akin to E. spurn. See {Spurn}, and cf. {Spavin}.] 1. (Zo[… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Sparrow — (englisch für Sperling) ist der Name einer US amerikanischen Luft Luft und Boden Luft Rakete, siehe AIM 7 Sparrow und RIM 7 Sea Sparrow ein Film von Johnnie To, siehe The Sparrow der Name der ersten kraweelbeplankten Karacke in Europa im Dienste… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • sparrow — [spar′ō] n. [ME sparwe < OE spearwa, akin to MHG sparwe < IE base * sper , bird name, esp. for sparrow > Gr sporgilos, sparrow, psar, starling] 1. any of a family (Passeridae) of Old World passerine birds, including the English sparrow 2 …   English World dictionary

  • sparrow — (n.) small brownish gray bird, O.E. spearwa, from P.Gmc. *sparwan (Cf. O.N. spörr, O.H.G. sparo, Ger. Sperling, Goth. sparwa), from PIE *sper (Cf. Cornish frau crow; O.Prus. spurglis sparrow; Gk. spergoulos small field bird …   Etymology dictionary

  • sparrow — ► NOUN ▪ a small bird with brown and grey plumage. ORIGIN Old English …   English terms dictionary

  • Sparrow — For other uses, see Sparrow (disambiguation). Sparrows A male House Sparrow Scientific classification …   Wikipedia

  • sparrow — sparrowless, adj. sparrowlike, adj. /spar oh/, n. 1. any of numerous American finches of the family Emberizinae. Cf. chipping sparrow, song sparrow. 2. any member of the Old World genus Passer, formerly thought to be closely related to the… …   Universalium

  • sparrow — noun Etymology: Middle English sparow, from Old English spearwa; akin to Old High German sparo sparrow Date: before 12th century 1. any of a genus (Passer of the family Passeridae) of small chiefly brownish or grayish Old World oscine songbirds… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • sparrow — n. 1 any small brownish grey bird of the genus Passer, esp. the house sparrow and tree sparrow. 2 any of various birds of similar appearance such as the hedge sparrow. Phrases and idioms: sparrow grass dial. or colloq. asparagus. Etymology: OE… …   Useful english dictionary

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